Byzantine Emperor (6th century)

The Byzantine Emperor was the head of the Byzantine Empire, the direct continuation of the Roman Empire.

Turkish bath (16th century)

One of the positive influences of the Ottoman invasion of Europe was the construction of baths.

Jameh Mosque (Isfahan, 15th century)

Its architectural solutions and ornamentation rank this mosque among the masterpieces of Islamic art.

Typical dwelling types

Every era and every culture has specific residential buildings.

Leaning Tower of Pisa (14th century)

The medieval bell tower of the Cathedral of Pisa is the most famous leaning tower of the world.

Medieval keep

Keeps were typical buildings in the Middle Ages, also built independently from castles.

Palace of Charlemagne (Aachen 9th century)

The palace of Charlemagne was not only the centre of his empire, but also a centre of culture.

Viking chieftain (10th century)

Viking leaders were elected from tribe members by the right of blood or an act of bravery.

Viking longship (10th century)

These excellent shipbuilders and sailors travelled great distances on the seas and rivers.

Gothic cathedral (Clermont-Ferrand, 15th century)

The cathedral named after the Assumption of Mary into Heaven is one of the gems of French Gothic architecture.

Venice in the Middle Ages

Medieval Venice owed its wealth to its flourishing maritime trade.

Torii (gateway) of the Itsukushima Shrine

The torii is a traditional Japanese gate built at the entrance of shrines.

Aztec ruler (15th century)

The Aztec Empire was a despotic, militaristic state ruled by the tlatoani.

Russian Tsar Peter I with his wife

Influenced by Western Europe, the Tsar attempted to modernise the Russian Empire.

Scythian 'golden man' (3rd century BC)

The wearer of the armour found at the archaeological dig of the Issyk Kurgan in Kazakhstan was named the 'Golden man'.

Market town (Kingdom of Hungary)

Market towns became the most common type of towns in the Kingdom of Hungary by the Late Middle Ages.

Ottoman architecture in Hungary (17th century)

Remnants of Ottoman architecture in Hungary include the Gazi Kasim Pasha Mosque in Pécs and the Minaret of Eger.

Zulu tribal chief

African tribes have their own distinct cultures.

Knights’ hall

One of the most important parts of a medieval castle was the Knights´ hall.

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