Benzene (C₆H₆)

Benzene (C₆H₆)

Benzene is the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon.

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benzene, benzene molecule, aromatic hydrocarbon, arenes, single bond, multiple bond, delocalised bond, Кекуле, coal tar, sigma bond, pi-bond, aromatic ring, organic chemistry, көмірсу, molecule, химия

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Covalent bonds in benzene molecules

In benzene there are sigma bonds and delocalised pi bonds between carbon atoms.

Phenol (C₆H₅OH)

The simplest of the aromatic hydroxy compounds.

Aniline (C₆H₅NH₂)

The simplest aromatic amine. Its scientific name is phenylamine.

Benzoic acid (C₆H₅COOH)

The simplest of the aromatic carboxylic acids.

Styrene (vinyl benzene) (C₈H₈)

A colourless liquid with an odour similar to benzene. The monomer of polystyrene.

Ethane (C₂H₆)

The second member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

Ethene (ethylene) (C₂H₄)

The first member in the homologous series of 1-alkenes.

Ethyne (acetylene) (C₂H₂)

The first member of the homologous series of alkyne hydrocarbons.

Naphtalene (C₁₀H₈)

The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.

Pyridine (C₅H₅N)

A basic heterocyclic organic compound; a colourless, pungent toxic liquid.

Pyrimidine (C₄H₄N₂)

A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.

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