How did humans conquer the air?
- The dream of flying
- The first experiments
- Man in the air!
- The age of aircraft
These are the topics this project deals with.
The dream of flying
Discuss the following questions:
Have you ever dreamed of flying?
How did you fly in your dream?
Have you ever taken a plane?
What did you feel when the plane took off?
What kind of 'flying machines' have you seen?
Humans have long dreamed about flying.
Find stories and works of art about flying.
One of the best-known stories about flying is the Ancient Greek legend of Daedalus and Icarus.
Check what it is about. The picture will help you.
The first experiments
Many courageous people experimented with flying. They usually tried to imitate bird wings. Unfortunately, many were killed by their own inventions.
Man in the air!
Perform an experiment.
Hold a plastic bag with its opening facing downwards.
Hold it carefully above a tea light to heat the air inside.
After a while, the bag lifts off because the density of the heated air is smaller than that of the surrounding air.
Several people experimented with such lighter-than air structures. It was finally the French Montgolfier brothers who succeeded. In November 1783, their balloon rose into the air near Paris, with two people on board.
From the mid-19th century, more and more rigid airships, capable of controlled flight, appeared. Ferdinand von Zeppelin's German airliners even transported passengers between America and Europe.
The age of aircraft
Using these results, as well as the development of internal combustion engines, the American Wright brothers started developing their own aircraft.
A few important milestones in the history of aviation
The first flight of the Wright brothers.
Wright Flyer I took off.
Louis Blériot crosses the English Channel.
It took 31 minutes to cover a distance of 33 km.
The first scheduled passenger airline
Tampa – St. Petersburg, Florida, USA. It was only in service for 3 months and carried only one passenger at a time.
John Alcock and Arthur Brown made the first non-stop transatlantic flight.
The pilot and the navigator flew across the ocean in 16 hours and 52 minutes.
Charles Lindbergh crosses the Atlantic Ocean unaccompanied.
He flew over the Atlantic in 33.5 hours with a Ryan NYP aicraft
The appearance of the first jet aircraft.
First flight of the German Heinkel HE 178.
First helicopter take-off.
First flight of the American VS–300.
Exceeding the speed of sound
The American Bell X–1 aircraft crosses the speed of sound for the first time.
Discuss how the appearance of aircraft changed our lives.
What are the advantages and disadvantages?
Form two groups and collect arguments for and against aviation.
Which group's arguments sound more convincing?
Look at the following pictures for ideas.