Cellobiose is the basic structural unit of cellulose.
A compound ion formed when a water molecule releases a proton.
The mechanical wing is one of the masterpieces among Leonardo's sketches related to aviation.
The polymath thought that if a screw-like structure can rotate fast enough, it will 'drill' into the air and fly.
A colorless, heavier-than-air gas. Its geometric isomer is cis-2-butene.
The simplest diol.
Water is a very stable compound of hydrogen and oxygen, vital for all known forms of life. In nature it occurs in liquid, solid and gaseous state.
Ammonia is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Its solution in water is called ammonium hydroxide or household ammonia.
An unsaturated monocarboxylic acid. The molecule contains double bond in cis orientation.
Leonardo's creative legacy also includes several projects related to bridges. This unusual swing bridge allowed for undisturbed water traffic.
Potassium permanganate is used as a disinfectant.
Alpha-D-glucose is one of the stereoisomers of glucoses, specifically the D-glucoses.
A colorless, viscous liquid, a highly corrosive, strong acid used in several industrial processes.
A compound ion produced when sulfuric acid releases a proton.
A light yellow compound formed in the reaction of silver nitrate and potassium iodide.
An organic compound in the urine of mammals, used in the production of fertilizers as a source of nitrogen.
Leonardo was not only a master artist, but also an accomplished military engineer.
Benzene is the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon.
The presence of hydronium ions relative to hydroxide ions determines a solution´s pH.
Common salt (or table salt) is one of the most important sodium compounds, indispensable for living organisms.