Voyager space probes
The Voyager space probes were the first man-made objects to leave the Solar System. They gather data about outer space and carry information about humanity.
Voyager, space probe, Solar System, space research, astronomy, golden record, outer space, planet, star, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, geography
- directional antenna
- radio antenna
- The record contains 115 images encoded in analog form, 35 types of natural or artificial sounds, excerpts of 27 musical compositions, and greetings in 55 languages.
The Voyager program was launched with the aim of exploring Jupiter and Saturn and of collecting important data about their shape, mass, magnetic field, structure, composition and dynamics of their atmosphere, and about the surface and geology of their moons.
Two space probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, were sent into space by NASA as part of the program in 1977.
Voyager 1 was launched on September 5, 1977. It took photos of the moons of Jupiter and Saturn and discovered Jupiter’s ring. Voyager 1 is the most distant human-made object from the Earth. In 2012 it reached interstellar space where it is now examining the density of the plasma.
Voyager 2 was launched on August 20, 1977, 16 days prior to Voyager 1. Following the examination of Jupiter and Saturn, it also visited Uranus and Neptune. It is one of the most successful space probes, as it discovered numerous moons and took several thousand photos. The spacecraft is one of NASA’s most distant human-made objects; Currently, it is examining the edge of the heliosphere.
The Voyager spacecraft carry messages in the form of sounds and pictures from the Earth on gold-plated copper disc, called the Voyager Golden Records. The records contain greetings in many languages and excerpts of tribal and folk music, as well as classical pieces composed by Mozart, Bach and Beethoven.
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