Sputnik 1 (1957)
The Soviet-made satellite was the first spacecraft to be launched into outer space (in October 1957).
Sputnik, satellite, Space Age, space research, Baikonur, rocket, orbit around the Earth, Soviet, Cold War, launch vehicle
Satellites orbiting the Earth can be used for civilian or military purposes.
Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961.
The three important laws describing planetary motion were formulated by Johannes Kepler.
A mobile, nuclear-capable ballistic missile developed at the end of the Cold War.
The Global Positioning System consists of 24 satellites but only 4 have to be visible for positioning.
The formation of the Sun and the planets started with the contraction of a dust cloud about 4.5 billion years ago.
The Voyager space probes were the first man-made objects to leave the Solar System. They gather data about outer space and carry information about humanity.
The Hubble Space Telescope orbits outside the distorting influence of Earth´s atmosphere.
This animation presents some interesting facts in the field of astronomy.
The International Space Station is a habitable satellite built with the cooperation of 16 countries.
Jupiter is the largest planet of the Solar System, it has two and a half times the mass of all the other planets combined.
Neil Armstrong, one of the crew members of Apollo 11 was the first man to set foot on the Moon.
The Space Shuttle was a manned, reusable spacecraft operated by NASA.
Studying Ceres and Vesta will help us learn more about the early history of the Solar System and how rocky planets are formed.
This animation introduces the studies of astronomers and physicists whose works fundamentally changed our view of the universe.
The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite
The New Horizons space probe was launched in 2006, with the objective to study Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.
About 1,500 people were taken to the labor camp also known as ‘the Hungarian Gulag’ during the Rákosi era.
Space probes and Mars rovers examine the structure of Mars and possible traces of life.
The diameter of our galaxy is about 100,000 light years; it contains more than 100 billion stars, one of which is our Sun.
The inner planets of the Solar System are terrestrial planets while the outer planets are gas giants.
The animation shows the two-seater Lunar Rover used in the Apollo 15 mission
Nuclear fusion will serve as an environmentally friendly and practically unlimited source of energy.