A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.
pyrimidine, nitrogen-containing organic compound, heterocyclic compound, heteroatom, pyrimidine skeleton, cytosine, thymine, uracil, nucleic acid, nucleotide, vitamin, DNA, RNA, base pair, organic chemistry, chemistry, biochemistry, biology
Molar mass: 80.09 g/mol
Melting point: 22 °C (71.6 °F)
Boiling point: 123 °C (253.4 °F)
Pyrimidine is a colorless, solid substance with a distinctive odor. It dissolves well in water, its aqueous solution has a neutral pH. It is a weaker base than pyridine. It forms salts with acids.
Occurrence and production
The derivatives of pyrimidine are often highly important substances biologically, such as vitamins and alkaloids. Nucleic acids and other nucleotide compounds are made up of organic bases containing nitrogen. Thymine, cytosine and uracil are derivatives of pyrimidine.
Pyrimidine is used in the manufacture of medicines.
A heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, its derivatives include guanine and adenine.
Carrier of genetic information in cells.
Eukaryotic cells with nuclei measuring only a few micrometers may contain nearly 2 meters (6.6 ft) of DNA, coiled multiple times.
A polynucleotid made up of phosphoric acid, ribose, and nucleobases (cytosine, uracil, adenine and guanine).
The simplest aromatic amine. Its scientific name is phenylamine.
Benzene is the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon.
A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.
In benzene there are sigma bonds and delocalized pi bonds between carbon atoms.
A biologically and practically important organic compound.
The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
A basic heterocyclic organic compound; a colorless, pungent toxic liquid.
A heterocyclic organic compound.
A colorless liquid with an odor similar to benzene. The monomer of polystyrene.
Tardigrades can survive in extreme environments, they can even stay alive in outer space.
A component of DNA, it contains one less hydroxyl group than β-D-ribose.
The simplest of the aromatic carboxylic acids.
An exercise about the groups and structure of organic nitrogen compounds.