The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
naphtalene, aromatic hydrocarbon, condensed ring, delocalised electrons, sublimate, coal tar, soot, organic chemistry, chemistry
Molar mass: 128.17 g/mol
Melting point: 80.5 °C (176.9 °F)
Boiling point: 218 °C (424.4 °F)
Density: 1.15 g/cm³ (0.04155 lb/in³)
Naphthalene is a white, solid compound with a characteristic odor; it forms needle-like crystals. It does not dissolve in water, but it dissolves well in organic solvents such as alcohols and ethers. It sublimates easily. Naphthalene is easy to nitrate and sulfonate. It is a flammable substance that burns with a sooty flame.
Naphthalene is mainly produced from coal tar.
Naphthalene is used in the production of soot, paints and medicines and in the oxidative production of decalin, tetralin, chloronaphthalenes and phthalic anhydride. It is the main ingredient in domestic moth repellents.
Benzene is the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon.
In benzene there are sigma bonds and delocalized pi bonds between carbon atoms.
A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.
A colorless liquid with an odor similar to benzene. The monomer of polystyrene.
The simplest aromatic amine. Its scientific name is phenylamine.
The simplest of the aromatic carboxylic acids.
A basic heterocyclic organic compound; a colorless, pungent toxic liquid.