Located in the Grand Mosque of Makkah, the Kaaba shrine is the most sacred site of Islam.
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Its architectural solutions and ornamentation rank this mosque among the masterpieces of Islamic art.
The mosque, built in a distinctive architectural style, is the largest adobe structure in the world.
Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.
The round tower of the largest fort in the Arabian Peninsula had an ingenious defense system.
Remnants of Ottoman architecture in Hungary include the Gazi Kasim Pasha Mosque in Pécs and the Minaret of Eger.
The center of the Indian mausoleum complex is a white marble tomb built by Shah Jahan for his beloved wife.
The geographical distribution of major (world) religions has been influenced by historical events.
Caliphs, considered successors of the Prophet Muhammad, were the most important religious leaders of Islam.
The most important weapons of medieval Arab warriors were the bow and the sword.