From the Stone Age to the Iron Age

From the Stone Age to the Iron Age

This animation demonstrates the development of the ax throughout archeological periods.

History

Keywords

ax, hand ax, paleolithic, Neolithic period, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, copper, Ötzi, prehistory, Stone Age, device, tool, arrowhead, ax head, hoe, bracelet, scraper, spearhead, arrow quiver, arrow, pickax, pot, jewelry, sword, toolmaking, weapons, lifestyle, history

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Neolithic settlements

As a result of the revolutionary advances in the Neolithic, settling human communities established the first lasting settlements.

Ötzi, the Iceman

The mummified body of a man who probably lived in the Chalcolithic period, was found in one of the glaciers of the Alps.

Paleolithic cave

The first dwellings in human history provide a lot of information about the lifestyle of our ancestors.

Archeological excavation (pit house)

Large construction sites provide archeologists searching for artifacts with a great deal of work.

Human evolution

The brain and skull underwent significant changes during human evolution.

Hunebeds

These special dolmens located in present-day Netherlands were built about 5,000 years ago.

Megalithic cultures in Europe

Structures consisting of enormous stone blocks, dating back thousands of years, are monuments of megalithic cultures.

Noah’s ark

According to the Bible Noah was ordered by God to build a large vessel to save his family and the animals from the flood

Stonehenge (Great Britain, Bronze Age)

The world famous monument in England still poses mysteries for archeologist.

The city of Ur (3rd millennium BC)

The ancient city located near the river Euphrates was an important Sumerian center.

The spread of Homo sapiens on Earth

The 'wise man' originated in Africa and dispersed throughout most of the continents.

Wooly mammoth

Extinct proboscidea closely related to today's elephants, often hunted by prehistoric man.

Egyptian Pyramids (Giza, 26th century B.C.)

The Giza Necropolis is the only one of the Ancient wonders still intact.

Ferrous metallurgy (basic)

Raw iron is produced from iron ore in iron smelters.

Ferrous metallurgy (intermediate)

Raw iron is produced from iron ore in iron smelters.

Homo erectus

The ‘upright man’ used tools and could set fire.

Ziggurat (Ur, 3rd millennium B.C.)

Ziggurats were typical terraced step pyramids used as temples in ancient Mesopotamia.

Medieval smithy

The work of smiths – one of the first professions in history – became even more important in the Middle Ages.

Metals

Metal atoms form a regular lattice structure.

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