European honeybee

European honeybee

Honeybees produce a sweet and nutritious substance, honey.

Biology

Keywords

bee, womb, state-forming insects, beekeeping, hive, worker, queen, testicle, honey, nectar, pollen, ontogeny, egg, pupa, larva, complete metamorphosis, chewing and sucking mouthparts, honey stomach, sting, thorax, abdomen, comb cell, beeswax, agriculture, livestock, blooming, beekeeper, insects, insect, animal, arthropod, biology

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Scenes

Honey bees are insects that form colonies. The head of a honeybee colony is the queen. Its abdomen is enlarged, due to the continuous production of eggs.

The eggs laid by the queen are fertilized by male bees, or drones, that mate with the queen. The abdomen of drones is stout, which makes it easy to differentiate them from workers. Drones do not have stings.

Worker bees take care of the brood, collect nectar, and use their stings to protect the hive. After stinging, the sting and the venom bulb of the bee is ripped out of the bee´s body, which subsequently dies, that is, it sacrifices itself for its hive. The venom bulb continues to pump venom into the victim.

  • - It consists of thousands of individual photoreceptor units or ommatidia. The color vision of bees is excellent, their eyes can also perceive ultraviolet radiation.
  • - The two pairs of this wings of queen bees are relatively smaller than those of workers and drones: they extend until the middle of the abdomen. Young, virgin queens swarm out with drones and mate with them. The sperm is stored throughout their lives and used for fertilizing eggs.

  • - It consists of thousands of individual photoreceptor units or ommatidia. The color vision of bees is excellent, their eyes can even perceive ultraviolet radiation. The excellent vision helps insects in recognizing flowers they look for to collect nectar.

  • - It consists of thousands of individual photoreceptor units or ommatidia. The color vision of bees is excellent, their eyes can even perceive ultraviolet radiation. Drones are easy to distinguish from workers by their relatively large eyes.

  • - Drones will develop in unfertilised eggs and workers develop in fertilized eggs. If the larva developing in a fertilized egg is fed with royal jelly, it becomes a queen.

The queen lays its egg into a cell. While an unfertilised egg develops into a drone, a fertilized egg develops into a worker bee or, if the egg is fed on a special substance, called royal jelly, into a queen. The young larva develops in the cell. At the end of the larval instar, before pupation workers seal the cell with wax. Then an adult bee emerges from the pupa and leaves the cell.

  • - Drones will develop in unfertilised eggs and workers develop in fertilized eggs. If the larva developing in a fertilized egg is fed with royal jelly, it becomes a queen.

Narration

Honey bees are insects that form colonies. The head of a honeybee colony is the queen. Its abdomen is enlarged, due to the continuous production of eggs.

The eggs may be fertilized by male bees, or drones, during mating. A drone’s abdomen is stout, which makes it easy to differentiate a drone from a worker. Drones do not have stings.

Worker bees take care of the brood, collect nectar, and use their stings to protect the hive. After a bee sting, the sting and the venom bulb of the bee is ripped out of the body of the bee, it subsequently dies, that is, it sacrifices itself for its hive. The venom bulb continues to pump venom into the victim.

The queen lays its egg into a cell. While an unfertilised egg develops into a drone, a fertilized egg develops into a worker bee or, if the egg is fed on a special substance, called royal jelly, into a queen. The young larva develops in the cell. At the end of the larval instar, before pupation, workers seal the cell with wax then an adult bee emerges from the pupa and leaves the cell.

Worker bees make honey that is used as food by both larvae and adult bees. The worker bee sucks up nectar from the flower into its honey stomach, where enzymes start transforming it into honey. The worker bee returns to the hive and empties the content of its honey stomach into a cell. The water-content of the honey in the cell is reduced and the honey becomes thicker. When the honey is ready, the workers seal the cell with wax to store its contents.

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