Bombardier CRJ200 (1991)
The small passenger aircraft is designed for speed, convenience and economical operation.
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After acquiring Canadair (and thus the technology of Challenger jets) Bombardier Aerospace started manufacturing a family of business jets. These passenger jets are relatively small, they were designed for comfortable and effective short-distance flights as regional airliners.
The CRJ type made its maiden flight in 1991. It was first used by Lufthansa in 1992; by 2008 nearly 1,200 were sold.
Shape and characteristics
The parameters of the CRJ200 cannot compete with the dimensions of large airliners but this was not the designers´ aim. The jet is about 27 m (88.58 ft) long and 6 m (19.69 ft) high, with a wingspan of 21 m (68.9 ft). The wing surface area is less than 48 m² (516.7 ft²).
The aircraft was designed with seats and a pleasant interior for a maximum of 50 passengers to provide comfort during short- and medium-distance flights, even though the passenger cabin is only 12 m (39.37 ft) long and 2 m (6.56 ft) wide on average.
The crew consists of 3 members, two pilots and one flight attendant.
Small size, optimal power output
The CRJ200 is powered by two jet engines. These are placed behind the wings, at the back of the fuselage. The General Electric CF34-3B1 engines produce a 41 kN (9,217 lbf) thrust each.
The cruise speed of the jet is between 780 and 860 km/h (484.7 and 534.4 mph). Its cruise altitude is about 11,000 m (36,090 ft). Its maximum range, with average fuel consumption (1,230 l/h or 324.9 gal/h) is about 2,500 km (1,553 mi).
This small jet requires a 2 km (1.2 mi) long runway for takeoff and 1.5 km (0.9 mi) for landing.
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