Voyager space probes

Voyager space probes

The Voyager space probes were the first man-made objects to leave the Solar System. They gather data about outer space and carry information about humanity.

Geography

Keywords

Voyager, space probe, Solar System, space research, astronomy, golden record, outer space, planet, star, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, geography

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Scenes

Path of the space probes

On the edge of the Solar System

  • interstellar space
  • cosmic radiation
  • bow shock
  • heliosheath
  • Voyager 1
  • Sun
  • Voyager 2
  • heliopause
  • heliosphere
  • termination shock

Voyager space probe

  • narrow angle camera
  • plasma wave detector
  • cosmic ray subsystem
  • directional aerial
  • infrared spectrometer
  • photopolarimeter
  • charged particle detector
  • optical calibration panel
  • radio aerial
  • RTG - radioisotope thermoelectric generator
  • magnetometer
  • Golden Record

Golden Record

  • Plan view drawing of the record with a binary code defining playback speed
  • Outline of cartridge with stylus
  • Side view of record
  • Diagram defining the location of the Sun in relation to 14 known pulsars. The binary code defines the frequency of the pulses
  • Explanatory diagram for the playback of the video content
  • Binary code defining proper speed to turn the record
  • Diagram showing the direction of decoding and the first image to appear if properly decoded
  • The record contains 115 images encoded in analogue form, 35 types of natural or artificial sounds, excerpts of 27 musical compositions, and greetings in 55 languages.

Animation

  • Earth
  • Jupiter
  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune
  • Voyager 1
  • Voyager 2
  • interstellar space
  • cosmic radiation
  • bow shock
  • heliosheath
  • Voyager 1
  • Sun
  • Voyager 2
  • heliopause
  • heliosphere
  • termination shock
  • narrow angle camera
  • plasma wave detector
  • cosmic ray subsystem
  • directional aerial
  • infrared spectrometer
  • photopolarimeter
  • charged particle detector
  • optical calibration panel
  • radio aerial
  • RTG - radioisotope thermoelectric generator
  • magnetometer
  • Golden Record
  • Plan view drawing of the record with a binary code defining playback speed
  • Outline of cartridge with stylus
  • Side view of record
  • Diagram defining the location of the Sun in relation to 14 known pulsars. The binary code defines the frequency of the pulses
  • Explanatory diagram for the playback of the video content
  • Binary code defining proper speed to turn the record
  • Diagram showing the direction of decoding and the first image to appear if properly decoded
  • The record contains 115 images encoded in analogue form, 35 types of natural or artificial sounds, excerpts of 27 musical compositions, and greetings in 55 languages.

Narration

The Voyager programme was launched with the aim of exploring Jupiter and Saturn and of collecting important data about their shape, mass, magnetic field, structure, composition and dynamics of their atmosphere, and about the surface and geology of their moons.
Two space probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, were sent into space by NASA as part of the programme in 1977.

Voyager 1 was launched on 5 September 1977. It took photos of the moons of Jupiter and Saturn and discovered Jupiter’s ring. Voyager 1 is the most distant human-made object from the Earth. In 2012 it reached interstellar space where it is now examining the density of the plasma.

Voyager 2 was launched on 20 August 1977, 16 days prior to Voyager 1. Following the examination of Jupiter and Saturn, it also visited Uranus and Neptune. It is one of the most successful space probes, as it discovered numerous moons and took several thousand photos. The spacecraft is one of NASA’s most distant human-made objects; Currently, it is examining the edge of the heliosphere.

The Voyager spacecraft carry messages in the form of sounds and pictures from the Earth on gold-plated copper discs, called the Voyager Golden Records. The records contain greetings in many languages and excerpts of tribal and folk music, as well as classical pieces composed by Mozart, Bach and Beethoven.

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