Tutankhamun’s tomb (14th century BC)

Tutankhamun’s tomb (14th century BC)

One of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century was the tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh.

History

Keywords

Tutankhamun, Nebkheperure, pharaoh, burial chamber, Egypt, ruler, death mask, Nile, Valley of the Kings, World Heritage, sarcophagus, Lord Carnarvon, Howard Carter, rock-cut tombs, Thebes, Necropolis, artefact, dynasty, coffin, archaeology, excavation, curse, 14th century BC, antiquity, legend, wall painting

Related items

Scenes

Valley of the Kings

Tutankhamun’s tomb

Burial chamber

  • burial chamber
  • treasury
  • annex
  • antechamber
  • corridor
  • staircase
  • entrance

Sarcophagi

  • First (outer) shrine
  • Second shrine
  • Third shrine
  • Fourth (innermost) shrine
  • Red quartzite sarcophagus
  • First (outermost) anthropoid coffin (gilded wood)
  • Second anthropoid coffin (gilded wood)
  • Third (innermost) anthropoid coffin (solid gold)
  • Golden mask
  • Tutankhamun’s mummy

Tutankhamun’s death mask

  • 39 cm
  • vulture (Nekhbet)
  • lapis lazuli stripes (the sky)
  • quartz and obsidian eyes
  • headcloth (nemes)
  • golden hawk’s head clasps
  • cobra (Uto serpent goddess)
  • golden stripes (sunshine)
  • Eyes of Horus (Wadjet)
  • face made of golden sheet metal
  • golden collar (usekh) consisting of 12 rows of beads (lapis lazuli, amazonite, quartz, glass paste)
  • braided beard made of gold and glass (divine immortality)
  • hieroglyphs (prayer from the Book of the Dead)
  • 54 cm

Animation

Narration

Situated in the middle of Egypt, on the left bank of the Nile, the Valley of the Kings formed part of the Theban necropolis, where pharaohs were buried between the 16th and 11th centuries BC. Apart from pharaohs, numerous queens and nobles were also laid to rest in the rock-cut tombs. The rocky valley was an ideal place for the pharaohs, who were in search of more secure burial places than the pyramids. However, despite the natural environment and the strict protection, some tombs were already plundered in ancient times.
The first people to explore the Valley of the Kings were Greek scholars of antiquity. A new era of scientific exploration started in the modern period, so in the past two centuries the valley has become one of the most important sites in ancient Egyptian research. Although the area had already been explored extensively by the 20th century, it was only after the excavation of tomb no. 62, in 1922, that the burial site attracted public attention.

Commissioned by the wealthy antiques collector Lord Carnarvon to search for the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings, the British archaeologist Howard Carter conducted a number of excavations in the area. His efforts were crowned with success: he made one of the richest and most famous discoveries in the history of archaeology. The tomb of Tutankhamun, an Egyptian Pharaoh from the 18th dynasty who died early, was the only intact tomb of a pharaoh. The simple tomb consists of an entrance facing East with a stairway leading to a descending corridor.

At the end of the corridor there is an antechamber, connected to an annex on one side and to the burial chamber on the other side. The burial chamber leads to the treasury. During eight years of excavation, many extraordinary findings came to light. Preserving Tutankhamun’s mummy, the burial chamber is decorated with wall paintings and texts from the Book of the Dead.

The embalmed body was encased in several nested sarcophagi and coffins. Today, the mummy still rests in the Valley of the Kings, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The other objects from the tomb are exhibited at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

The pharaoh’s wonderful golden funeral mask is one of the most famous works of art in the history of mankind. This is not only due to its beauty and Carter's fantastic dig, but it also owes much to the legend of the pharaoh’s curse.

Related items

Egyptian Pharaoh and his wife (2nd millennium BC)

Egyptian Pharaohs were respected as gods, they were lords of life and death.

Ancient Egyptian deities

Ancient Egyptians worshipped a large number of gods and goddesses.

Archaeological excavation (pit house)

Large construction sites provide archaeologists searching for artefacts with a great deal of work.

Egyptian Pyramids (Giza, 26th century BC)

The Giza Necropolis is the only one of the Ancient wonders still intact.

Historical topography (notable personalities, universal history)

Find present-day countries related to notable historical personalities.

Hunebeds

These special dolmens located in present-day Netherlands were built about 5,000 years ago.

Legendary ancient empires

Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.

Pyramid of Djoser (Saqqara, 27th century BC)

The step pyramid, built in the 27th century BC, was the first pyramid in Egypt.

Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone helped to solve the mystery of hieroglyphics.

Wonders of the Ancient World

Today only one of the Wonders of the Ancient World is still intact: the Pyramids of Giza.

Ancient agriculture in the Nile Valley

Ancient Egypt was called the ‘gift of the Nile’, since the river played an important role in the rise of Egyptian civilisation.

Ancient Egyptian house

An average Egyptian dwelling consisted of regularly arranged rooms.

Ancient Egyptian sailing boat

The river and marine sailing boats of ancient Egypt were one-masted, oared boats

Battle of Kadesh (1285 BC)

The outcome of one of the greatest battles in the history of the ancient East (fought by the Egyptians and Hittites) was indecisive.

Clothing in ancient Egypt

Inhabitants of ancient Egypt wore characteristic clothes and jewellery.

Added to your cart.