Trench network (World War I)

Trench network (World War I)

Static warfare was one of the characteristics of WWI

History

Keywords

trench, machine gun nest, world war, Central Powers, Triple Entente, military operation, artillery, static warfare, cover, infantry, barbed wire

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Questions

  • Which of these expressions is not related to World War I?
  • What is the name of the unoccupied field between the lines of two opposing entrenched armies?
  • What was the reason of a static battle developing in WWI?
  • When did the First World War take place?
  • What was the pretext to start World War I?
  • What is the term that describes the aggressive, expansionist policies of Western powers?
  • What is the German word for a swift, sudden military offensive?
  • What is the German word for a static battle?
  • Where was no front in World War I?
  • When did soldiers of opposing armies start to befriend each other?
  • Which new weapon brought an end to static battles?
  • What was not a typical element of the front lines in static battles?
  • What is the term describing the civilian population of the country at war as an active support system of their armies?
  • In which war were trenches first used on a large scale?
  • Which European front had the most trenches during World War I?
  • What was the average width of the no man’s land on the Western Front in 1916?
  • Which of these was not one of the typical weapons of soldiers fighting in the trenches?
  • What is the term for trenches that run between main trench lines of the network?
  • How many lines did rules specify in the British trench network?
  • What is the term for the part of the trench that faces the enemy’s lines?
  • What percentage of his time did a soldier spend fighting in the front line in World War I?
  • How many mortar shells were fired by the British army in 1916?
  • Which army deployed teargas first in the First World War?
  • What was the cause of 75% of all injuries in the trenches?

Scenes

Trench network

Central Powers

Allied Powers

Network

  • artillery
  • support trench
  • machine gun nest
  • communication trench
  • front-line trench
  • parapet
  • forward listening post

Cross section

  • barbed-wire obstacles
  • front-line trench
  • machine gun nest
  • dugout
  • support trench

Walk

Animation

  • artillery
  • support trench
  • machine gun nest
  • communication trench
  • front-line trench
  • parapet
  • forward listening post
  • barbed-wire obstacles
  • front-line trench
  • machine gun nest
  • dugout
  • support trench

Narration

Although both military blocks drew up plans for an offensive war at the beginning of World War I, in a few months the age of lightning warfare would be replaced by the age of static warfare.

Development of military technology, especially the appearance of machine guns and cannons with high fire power, made defence more effective. Armies were literally entrenched, having found safety in ditches, or trenches, that provided shelter against the enemy's artillery fire. Barbed wire fencing was erected in front of the trenches to slow down the enemy's movement.

Several support trenches and reserve trenches were also dug, and these were linked with communication trenches. These trench networks occasionally measured several hundred metres in width. Soldiers fired at the enemy from machine gun nests or from behind parapets in the trenches with successful attacks resulting in huge losses, while stepping out into 'No Man's Land' meant almost certain death.

Soldiers fighting on the front lines lived under inhumane conditions but actually only spent 15% of their time in combat. Those who were resting or wounded were sheltered in deep underground dugouts.

Soon, however, the age of static warfare would come to an end when a new weapon, the tank, appeared, which had the power to pass through trench networks.

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