Mesopotamian inventions (3rd millennium BC)
These tools, revolutionary even in their simplicity, are still in use today.
Mesopotamian inventions, Mesopotamia, wheel, fired clay brick, plough, Mesopotamian wagon, brick kiln, sowing plow, agriculture, invention, technology, civilisation, cart, animal husbandry, Fertile Crescent, antiquity, ancient
- brick kiln
- animal-drawn plough
- Mesopotamian wagon
Symmetric sowing plough
Parts of a wagon
- draw bar
- solid wheel
- rigid axle
Parts of a plough
- sowing funnel
Humanity owes a great deal to ancient civilisations; our knowledge is based on the knowledge of these early cultures. The Ancient world was the birthplace of many inventions that are indispensable today. A number of these inventions were made in Ancient Mesopotamia.
Clay bricks had already been used in the neolithic, but it was the Mesopotamians, around 3000 BC, who first used fired clay to construct their buildings. Firing resulted in a much more resistant building material.
The invention of the wheel was also a revolutionary change. According to historical sources, Mesopotamians already used carts with rigid axles and solid wheels in the 4th millennium BC. This tool was inspired by the emergence of a settled lifestyle, and it had an enormous effect on the development of countless activities.
The appearance of the animal-drawn plough brought enormous changes in agriculture. With this tool, crops could be planted more quickly and efficiently than ever before. Ploughs at this time were made of wood and had a symmetrical structure.
As a result of the revolutionary advances in the Neolithic, settling human communities established the first lasting settlements.
The ancient city located near the river Euphrates was an important Sumerian centre.
Ancient Egypt was called the ‘gift of the Nile’, since the river played an important role in the rise of Egyptian civilisation.
The Code of Hammurabi is the emblem of the Mesopotamian civilisation; it contains 282 laws carved into a basalt stele.
Ancient Indians built huge, naturally ventilated storehouses.
Domesticated animals and crops originate from various parts of the world.
Ancient Persian monarchs were famous for the size of their empire and their wealth.
Ziggurats were typical terraced step pyramids used as temples in ancient Mesopotamia.
Farming techniques evolved with the development of human civilisation in the Middle Ages and the Modern Age.
Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.
The ancient city of Babylon was built on the banks of the Euphrates River in Mesopotamia.