Archaeological excavation (pit house)

Archaeological excavation (pit house)

Large construction sites provide archaeologists searching for artefacts with a great deal of work.

History

Keywords

archaeology, Archaeological excavation, archaeologist, deposit, excavation, tomb, reconstruction, culture, church, layer

Related items

Questions

  • Which field of research is the most closely linked to archaeology?
  • What is archaeology?
  • Which is not part of an archaeologist´s work?
  • Where are artefacts usually put on display?
  • Who are the experts who clean and repair artefacts?
  • What is the subject of ethnology?
  • Which one is a typical archaeologist´s tool?
  • Is it true that archaeologists often have to work on underwater sites?
  • Is it true that artefacts found in the oceans can be kept by the finder?
  • Which is the most interesting object for an archaeologist to discover?
  • Who examines bones and skeletons excavated by archaeologists?
  • Who was NOT an archaeologist?
  • Which is not a typical tool of archaeologists?
  • Which famous archaeological site was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann?
  • Which famous archaeological site was discovered by Howard Carter?
  • Which is not a typical tool of archaeologists?
  • Where do archaeological excavations have an important role?

Scenes

Archaeological site

  • field - On field surveys, archaeologists find and explore excavation sites and collect artefacts from the surface.
  • patch - Probable site of a house or grave.
  • hill - Probable site of a church.

Soil removal

  • machines
  • soil
  • piles of soil
  • old ground level - The top layer of soil is removed by machines, the excavation is then continued with hand tools.

Excavation

  • archaeologist
  • spirit level
  • measuring rod
  • shovel
  • trowel
  • brush
  • wheelbarrow
  • bowl
  • bucket
  • pit house

Tomb excavation

  • archaeologist
  • spirit level
  • shovel
  • trowel
  • brush
  • bucket
  • skeleton
  • grave

Reconstruction

Reconstructed
settlement

Animation

  • pit house
  • church

Narration

Archaeologists study the past of civilisations through artefacts. Their work can be divided into four major phases.

First they look for areas where artefacts can be found underground (or under water). This is not always simple. Differences in the colour of the ground as seen from above, small pieces of artefacts that are found on the ground, and knowledge of the age in question may also help to locate sites. Major construction sites also provide archaeologists with explorable areas.

In the second phase the upper layers of soil are removed, first with machines then with hand tools. Once removed, the soil is also carefully examined. In the final stage of this phase, it is carefully analysed with small brushes, to avoid causing damage.

In the third phase archaeologists process the findings. They meticulously and accurately document each artefact together with their original location within the site. They also take notes and photographs and make drawings. Experts attempt to reconstruct the original condition of the site and the cultural setting of the inhabitants. Another interesting part of archaeological work is done by restorers and anthropologists. The former bring artefacts back to their original condition, while the latter examine human bones found at the sites.

In the final phase the excavated and restored artefacts are shown to the public in museums.

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